What Is A PC Driver?

Your computer contains all kinds of hardware, such as disk drives, DVD/CD-ROM drives, network adapters, and sound and video cards, as well as external devices, such as printers, keyboards, monitors, and USB drives. When you install an operating system (OS), such as Windows or Linux, that OS needs to be able to talk to the hardware in your computer to display items, play sounds and videos, and write data to and read data from an external drive, as well as other tasks.

That’s where drivers come in. A driver is a small piece of software that acts as a translator between a device and the OS and programs that use the device. The driver tells the OS, and installed software programs, how to talk to the hardware in your computer. For example, when you buy a printer, it usually comes with a driver on a CD (or, in recent years, a URL for download the latest driver software from the internet) that tells the OS how to print information on each page. Without the driver, the printer will not know how to interpret the data sent to it, if the data even makes it to the printer.

NOTE: Many drivers such as keyboard drivers and mouse drivers are already installed with the OS when you buy a computer.

The drivers installed in your system to talk to the devices are managed using the Device Manager. To access the Device Manager in Windows 7, enter “device manager” (without the quotes) in the Search box on the Start menu. Click on the Device Manager link under Control Panel.

All your hardware device categories, such as Display adapters, DVD/CD-ROM drives, and Mice and other pointing devices, are listed and the specific devices are listed below each heading.

If you are having trouble with a device, it’s helpful to know the version of the driver currently installed in your system. You may need to email this information to the manufacturer, or tell them over the phone. It’s also helpful if you are trying to find a solution yourself on the internet on various sites and forums.

  • To find out the version of a driver, right-click on the driver in the Device Manager and select Properties from the popup menu.

On the Properties dialog box, click the Driver tab. The Driver Provider, Date, Version, and Signer are listed. You can find out more information about the driver using the Driver Details button. Notice that you can also update the driver from this tab, disable the driver, uninstall the driver, and even roll back the driver software to the previously installed version, in case an update caused a problem with the device.


Steps To Edit Keyboard Language

For Windows Vista and Windows 7, open the Control Panel and click on Region and Language. Now click on the Keyboards and Languages tab and then click on Change keyboards.

You’ll see the current default input language and installed services. To add a language, go ahead and click on the Add button.

Now scroll down to the language you want to add and expand the keyboard section. Depending on the physical keyboard you are using, choose the correct keyboard option. You might have to play around with the different options because sometimes one keyboard doesn’t work properly.

You can also click on the Preview button to see how the characters for your language are mapped to the keyboard you are using.

In my example, I chose Hindi Traditional for the keyboard language. Scroll down to the Using the Language Bar section to see how to type into different applications using the new language.

Change Keyboard Language in your Windows

For Windows, you want to go to the Control Panel and click on Regional and Language Options. Next click on the Languages tab and then click on the Details button.

This will load up the Text Services and Input Languages dialog box. Here you will see the list of installed services and keyboards on your computer. You can click Add to install a new keyboard layout and input language.

Choose the input language and choose the type of keyboard that you have attached to your computer. If you want to type Spanish on an English keyboard, choose Spanish as the Input language and United States-Dvorak.

Using the Language Bar

When you install a new language in Windows, it automatically enables the language bar. This is really useful for quickly switching between languages in Windows. You’re probably not going to be typing in one language for every application, so the language bar makes it easy to switch.

You’ll see the language bar in your taskbar with letters to denote the language you are currently using. If you click on it, a list will appear and you can simply click on another language to select it.

Now you can open an application like Word, select the language from the language bar and start typing. You should see the characters for your language appear as you type.

That’s about it! So if you want to type in another language, such as a foreign language, or if you want to switch the keyboard language back to English, the above steps should solve your problem!

How To Open Files Without Extensions?

Have you ever run into the scenario where you end up with a file that has no extension? How do you go about opening it? One way it so simply guesses and try to change the file extension to different file types and try to open the file. That sometimes works if someone says they are emailing you a Word document, but for some reason the file has no extension. Obviously, you could just try a .doc or .docx extension and it’ll probably open.

But if you have no idea what type of file it is, trying a bunch of different extensions is a waste of time. Additionally, you may not have the program installed that the file type is associated with, so even if you changed it to the right one, it still may not open. For example, if the file actually has a PSD file extension and you try to open it without having Photoshop installed; you may incorrectly deduce that it’s not the correct file extension.

In this article, I’ll show you a quick and more accurate way to determine the type of file you may have. In order to do this, I created a couple of test files and then removed the file extensions. I created a Word document, a PDF file and an image file for demonstration purposes. Obviously, your file could be of a different type, but the procedure will be the same for any type of file.

Install a HEX Editor

Yes, a HEX editor may sound insanely geeky and technical, but it’s really not that bad. There is a freeware program called XVI32, which you don’t even have to install to use. You can just download it and run the EXE file! Here’s what the main interface looks like once you open it.

On the left side is the hex viewer and the right side is the data inspector, which basically converts the hex values into actual data values. It’s pretty much impossible to understand anything on the hex side, so don’t even worry about it. Most of the data on the data side will also not make sense, but there will usually be a few key pieces of text that will tell you what kind of file you are working with.

How To Tweak Your Facebook Settings?

Here’s a simple tip that I just figured out myself the other day: hide your online status on Facebook! Why is this useful? Well, now that Facebook has built chat into the online interface (kind of like Google Hangouts running inside Gmail), your friends can start chatting with you any time you log into Facebook.

Personally, I never wanted to use as an instant messaging program and instead use Facebook Messenger for that purpose. Thankfully, Facebook has made it very easy to change your online status so that people cannot see you are online. Actually, they’ve added a couple of options in the last year or so that let you control it more granularly.

Turn Off Facebook Chat

The easiest way to not be disturbed by anybody is to simply go offline by turning off chat completely.

Obviously, if you go offline completely, no one will be able to see you are online, but you will also not be able to see which of your friends are online. It’s not like the Invisible feature in Yahoo Messenger.

Here’s how to quickly go offline and hide your online status:

  • Step 1: Log into your Facebook account
  • Step 2: Click on the gear icon at the bottom right of the browser screen and you’ll get a list of some options. One of the options is to Turn Off Chat.

When you click on that option, you’ll get another popup with three options. Previously, you didn’t have another option and Facebook would simply turn off chat for all friends. Now you can selectively pick who you want to hide from, which is great.

You can choose from Turn off chat for all friends except or Turn off chat for only some friends. When you turn off chat for everyone or a group of people, they can still message you, but the messages will go to your Inbox and not show up in the chat area or in Facebook Messenger.

Note that you can also turn off chat in Facebook Messenger, but the app only lets you turn it off completely. Currently, there is no option to choose who you want to hide from.

How to Make a Locked and Secured Folder

If you’ve come across this page looking for a way to create a password protected, secure, hidden or locked folder in Windows for free, you’ve come to the right place. Unfortunately, Windows XP does not have any user-friendly built-in tools to create secure folders on computers with multiple users. Of course, you can encrypt data on your hard disk, but this only helps if your computer is stolen.

It basically involves using a script to morph the folder into something completely different so that it’s still visible, but nothing inside the folder is accessible. In order to view the data, you have to run another script to morph it back. Anyone who clicks on the folder will be brought to the Control Panel and simply think it is a shortcut. The other neat thing about this little trick is that any of the files or folders inside the hidden folder will not show up when you perform a search in Explorer.

Most people will be probably look at the folder and simply ignore it since it has the control panel icon and it links directly there. Of course, if someone knows this trick also, they can create their own key.bat file, etc and open it back up. However, if you’re dealing with someone who can do all of that, it’s best you check out more advanced 3rd party software to lock down a folder.


If you’re having trouble with the above-mentioned method (from what I can see from the comments, a good number of people are), then here’s another quick and free way to create a secure folder in Windows XP. There is a very nice program called Free Hide Folder from Cleanersoft that allows you to easily hide your private folders.

Your folders are completely hidden and you must supply a password to open the program to unhide the folders. The personal edition is free, just click the Skip Registration button unless you’re using it for commercial purposes.

PC Hacks: A Click To Keep You Safe

Every day we are peppered with the television advertisements stating that one click loads a software program that tests your slow computer for viruses and spyware. It then speeds it up by removing them. These tests are free, but the removal and speed up is not. The true question is how effective is this virus removal?

It is possible for a computer program downlodaded from the Internet to detect viruses and spyware. Internet downloads to detect and/or remove viruses have been provided by Trend Micro, Panda Software, and others for years. These to me are 2nd Opinion Virus Scans. If you primary virus/spyware scanning software Symantec, McAfee, AVG, Avast or others seems not to work, then using an Internet virus scanner that has the latest virus signatures is an effective way to check for and to catch virus and spyware escapees.

One definite fact illustrated to me every day is that no one virus detection and removal program detects and removes all viruses. You can run one program, then another and several more, only to find that the last program still detects and removes some viruses or spyware. Each program has its own plan of attack on how to do the best job. However, some viruses and spyware are always missed. So the $50 or $139 question is can one click PC repair programs catch enough viruses and spyware for your computer to be fully repaired. It is likely that the computer is repaired for that day, but probably not for that year.

Viruses and spyware tend to party in your computer. They invite all their virus and spyware friends into your computer for a giant beer keg party. Over time the computer in-perceptively slows down until it needs to be repaired. Once a virus and spyware has made its home in your computer it builds defences against detection and removal.

The first virus that prevented removal I encountered was the log-in to Windows and then Windows immediately logs you out removal prevention virus. It is like a log-in then log-out revolving door. Since you cannot log-in to Windows, you are unable to remove the virus or spyware. This trick is easy to repair. The trick has now all but disappeared only to be replaced by others like the virus that blocks EXE files from running. When EXE files are blocked, the error messages Windows displays are highly misleading lies. They are like politicians lying to their constituents to get re-elected rather than telling them the hard truth. Not only can you never trust a politician but you also can never trust a Windows error message. How does one click Internet virus removal software protect you from or fix this? One click Internet virus removal software could run because they are mostly Java and ActiveX scripts and not EXE files.

Windows corruption can easily be caused by simple changes to the Windows Registry (the primary control mechanism in Windows for Windows and all other programs). Such changes can cause severe dementia to Windows. Other configuration changes can block Internet access or prevent your computer from going to specific sites.

Some viruses are root kits that load into a computer’s memory at the start of the initial boot up process. Some root kits install themselves in the Master Boot Record (MBR). The MBR is the first information that is read from the disk drive when the computer is turned on. Can a one click Internet computer repair program detect this? It is possible. Can a one click Internet computer program repair this? Perhaps.

Top Secret To Make Your PC Device At Its Safest State

Keylogger is one big threat to anyone’s confidential information and personal identity to our modern world today. In any web pages that you will visit; any email attachment that you will download; or any strangers you allowed to use your PC may possibly be the one to put the threat in your computer system at some point since they can easily install this piece of keylogger software program that has the capacity to record each and every words and numbers that you enter and key strokes that you made on your keyboard; this may include your banking information, credit card account numbers, or any other important personal details, as well as all the transactions that you made online.

If in case you suspect that your computer device has this keylogger software inside, or if you noticed that somebody is spying on you, it is very essential to remove it as soon as possible before it can cause any harm to you or before it can steal your confidential data and other personal information.

One of the most trusted methods to eliminate this keylogger from your computer is to download an anti-keylogger software program that you can use to scan fully your computer device to determine if there is any keylogger hiding inside.  Anti-virus software like SpySweeper or McAfee sometimes is not enough since most keylogger software especially the most recent ones where initially designed to become undetectable by the previously mentioned keylogger software.

If you really wish to eliminate keylogger software out of your computer system, then you have to download the tool from the manufacturer’s web page and install it on your own computer. Even if you haven’t found any trace of keylogger software on your system, it is still recommended to grab a good anti keylogger tool to run in your system and regularly performs scanning procedure to determine if your computer has a keylogger and also to sweep and clean your computer from any malicious software that is residing inside and may cause harm to your computer soon. It is an imperative to protect your system even if you found no threat inside because malicious software just like keylogger remains unnoticed and undetected, until the user already discover some unknown bank transactions or credit card purchases.

When this happens, you are already late to protect all your information and other details because keylogger often record all your keyboard activities automatically the moment it reaches your computer system and you may only notice them when you are finally a victim of identity theft. You can never get back all the data and personal information that was being recorded by the keylogger software because after saving all those entries, the software will then send it to the hacker or other third party individuals who are waiting for your records.  Once the copy of all the recorded data falls into the hand of these cyber criminals or remote hackers, they can now have the access to use all of those information based on their personal intentions, mostly, for their greedy intentions.