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What Is Network Transfer Speed?

I recently bought a NAS (network attached storage) device from Synology, connected it up to my network and started transferring files. The first thing I noticed was how slow the network transfer speed was. I was copying over some large video files and it was taking forever! I decided to check the transfer speed between my NAS and PC to see the rate the transfer.

I downloaded a program called LAN Speed Test, which had gotten some excellent reviews, and tried it out. Sure enough, my transfer speed was less than 1 MB/s! Note that is megabytes per second, not megabits per second. I’ll go into more detail on Mbps vs MBps and all that fun stuff. After doing some research, I figured out what I was doing wrong and eventually got the transfer rate up to a super speedy 40 MB/s! Technically, you can only get that speed if you’re using gigabit ethernet. I’ll explain more about that below too.

LAN Data Rate Units

First, let’s get the numbers clear. There is standard 100 Mbps ethernet, which is what most people have at home. 100 Mbps is 100 megabits per second. That is translated into 12.5 megabytes per second (MBps or MB/s). It’s much easier to convert to MBs since that is something we are all familiar with rather than bits. This means that if you don’t have a gigabit router and gigabit network card on your computers or NAS, the maximum speed you’ll be able to transfer a file across your home network is 12.5 MBps.

Also, in the real world, it’s impossible to actually get that theoretical maximum. You’ll probably end up somewhere around 4 to 8 MBps. If you are getting something really low like 1 MBps or less, there are reasons for that which I will mention below. Note that even if your computer has a gigabit ethernet card, you won’t get that higher transfer speed unless all the devices that the data is being transmitted through support gigabit.

If you have a gigabit ethernet card on your computer, your router or switch is gigabit and the receiving device also has a gigabit ethernet card, your max transfer speed jumps to a whopping 1000 Mbps or 125 MBps. Again, you won’t get that theoretical speed, but you should be getting anywhere from 30 to 60 MBps depending on the type of files you are transferring and your network setup. Let’s go into more details about that.

Transfer Speed Depends on What?

So as we mentioned above, network transfer speed depends on the type of ethernet you have on your network, but that’s not the only factor. There are several other factors that determine your final transfer speed between two devices.

Hard Drive Speed

One major limiting factor is the hard drive speed. If you have a computer with a 5400 RPM, your transfer rate will be a lot slower than if you have two SSD drives in a RAID 0 configurations! How so? Well, it depends. I’ve heard of some friends getting close to 100 MB/s using some pretty insane setups. On my network, even with gigabit ethernet, I only get around 40 MB/s. One of those reasons is because I have slower hard drives.

 

 

What Is Host File?

The hosts file in Windows is like an address book for your computer. It is loaded into memory (cache) when Windows starts and associates host names, such as www.google.com with IP addresses, such as 74.125.224.72 for Google. The IP address is like the telephone number for that site. However, so we don’t have to remember a string of numbers for every site we want to visit, we enter easy-to-remember host names.

Because the computer uses IP addresses to find sites, it needs to translate the host name for a site into an IP address. If the IP address for a site is in your hosts file associated with a host name, your computer can use that to “call” the site when you enter the host name in your browser’s address bar. If not, your computer must contact a DNS (domain name server) computer on the Internet for the IP address before it can contact the site.

Initially, there are no host name/IP address associations in the hosts file. Examples of the format and layout of the IP addresses and host names are listed in the comments in the file.

If you add host names and their associated IP addresses into the hosts file for sites you visit often, access to those sites becomes faster. Your computer doesn’t have to query DNS servers on the Internet to get the IP addresses for those sites. If there are any sites that don’t have a domain name, you can enter the site’s IP address in your hosts file with a custom domain name which can serve as a “shortcut” to the site.

So how can you use a HOSTS file in Windows? Well, websites can collect various types of information about you as you surf the web. The hosts file can help block sites from tracking you, as well as block ads, banners, third-party cookies, and other annoying parts of web pages.

Each computer has a host address of its own, known as the “localhost” address. The IP address for localhost is 127.0.0.1. This can be used to block sites serving ads or objectionable content by entering a site’s host name in the hosts file and associating it with the localhost IP address. That refers the host name to your own computer, which then thinks it found the site and displayed it already, even though that site was never actually contacted.

 

What Are The Risk Related To Internet Connections Offered For Free

Many coffee shops, hotels, and any other similar establishments provide free web connections to their clients. These wireless networks are usually left unprotected. They usually don’t need clients to key in a certain password and deliver no encryption in order to guard the network traffic.  Any client that uses the Internet connection inside the range of the wireless network access can possibly connect to the network then listen or sniff on the Internet network traffic to any other client user.

An expert attacker can do this what they called “man in the middle attacker” within just a few seconds and then intercept all of your communications using software programs that are readily available in the Internet for free.

The “man in the middle attacker” is a specific spot wherein a certain hacker put herself or himself in between the place of the Internet gateway connection and their victims. This usually performed by putting some network packets inside the computer system of the victim saying that the gateway is the computer of the attacker and then informing the original gateway device that victim’s computer system is the one that attacks the gateway. The attackers are doing this process so that the real gateway will get confused which among the two systems is the true attacker and the true victim.

There are plenty of available videos and tutorials on different web pages on the Internet such as YouTube that will teach you with the best ways to do the attack. There’s really no other way to get rid of this and have snit-virus, firewall, and any other security tools installed in your PC provides no protection at all since the attacker isn’t trying to gain access to the computer of the victim directly.

There are other steps that you can also make to shield your computer system as well as yourself, and the best way to protect you and your system from any kind of attack is to prevent having access to sensitive web pages that are usually included in most public networks like your email, bank accounts, and many others.

But if you really need to access for those websites, it is best to remember that you have to keep your web connections encrypted and is really linked to the true web server before you decide to type in your username as well as your password. You can do this by simply verifying first that the URL that you are suing now has “https”. This “HTTPS” indicates to the HTTP over the SSL encryption. This also indicates that all other network communications that happen between the web server in which you are connected to and your Internet browser are both encrypted.  Anybody sniffing on your traffic will not be able to the actual messages or data that was being sent.

Last, you can also use your VPN remote access. This VPN also encrypts and shields all of the network traffic that takes place in your system. These are also being used by most users in order for them to easily connect to the internal networks of the company.

Wondering What Makes Your Connection Run Slow? Find Out Here

Slow web connections are certainly a very irritating problem, most especially if you have so many things left undone online. You may have the option to go to an expert computer technician, but mostly you’ll be charged with a huge amount of money for the repair service and sometimes also, you will pay them even if they only take a glance to your computer device.

For you to save a portion of your time as well as your money, you can learn some tips to better understand why you have slow web connections and then find some easy tricks that are also provided below for you to know how to repair problems related to your slow connections and doing the repair by yourself alone.

What Causes Slow Web Connections?

One of the major cause of slow web connections are the presence of spyware, malware, adware, Trojan horses, worms, and other computer virus in the hard drive of your computer. Most of these known threats can easily integrate to the key applications of the hard disks and then eat up a huge amount of your resources silently, and also control the tools and software programs inside your computer hard disks. By consuming a significant amount of your resources, to the malicious threats and computer viruses running inside, a slowdown of your web connections is truly inevitable.

But not at every situation of having slower web connection is due to computer viruses and threats infecting in your hard disk. In other instances also, your ISP (or Internet Service Provider) can also be a second major cause to having slow web connections. Servers and routers are the usual things that deliver the Internet service to the computer system, and there are times that this servers and routers can get overloaded or face some technical problems that may also slow down the speed of the connection supplied by your ISP.

Aside from that also, there are countless of Temporary web files that are stored in your web browser. This abundance of unnecessary applications and junk files occupying the important space of your hard disk may also cause slow web connections.

How to Repair Slow Web Connections And Boost Up Your PC?

If you want to know how you can fix web connection problems and then boost up the speed of your computer then here’s what you can do:

  • Run your preferred anti-spyware tool in your computer and then make sure that the tool you are using is updated. Start scanning your system now using the tool and then eliminate all the harmful threats present inside.
  • Unplug the modem that you are using for your computer now because this can help you undo the bad modifications you’ve made to your system as this can also lead to a slow web connection.
  • Free up and clean the storage spaces of your computer hard disk. By eliminating all of those temporary files and unnecessary programs, you can efficiently and easily regain the smoothness of your web connection and your computer now will also work faster than before.

The Best Way To Boost Internet Speed

Surfing and browsing the Web is surely an activity enjoyed by millions of people around the world every day. Internet services definitely makes our lives a lot more better, easier, and more convenient. It helps us in a number of ways, whether it is for personal or private purposes or may be related to business, education, entertainment, or communication, Internet is very useful in every way. For that reason, it is very important that your Internet connection is running fast and smooth as this factor can make your Internet experience, great.

Unfortunately, not all of computer users can greatly enjoy a high- speed Internet connection that they need most. If you belongs to those who are having issue with their Internet speed, then worry no more. Simply read further and you’ll learn the best way to boost your Internet speed.

Boosting your Internet speed greatly depends on the system options that you used when you setup your Windows as well as on the kind of Internet browser that you used. Sometimes, the best way to boost your Internet speed is to disable those add- ons that requires connection from your browser to your Internet. Disabling Windows from automatic updates is another best way that you can do. Doing this helps your operating system to get rid of downloading update files, especially if you have to download larger files.

To Disable Internet Explorer Add- ons:

  1. Simply click on “Internet Explorer” icon twice for you to open the specific program. Proceed to the “Tools” tab and then click the “Add- ons” option.
  1. Select an option from your “Add- on Types” tab located on your left panel.
  1. On your right panel, right- click on the add- ons that you want to disable, and then click “Disable” from your context menu.

To Disable Firefox Add- ons:

  1. Click “Firefox” located on the left upper corner of your Firefox window, then immediately select “Add- ons” option. Usually, You cannot your Firefox menu if your menu bar is turned on. In case you’ll experience similar to this, simply click on the “Tools” menu and click “Add- ons”.
  1. On the left portion of its text box is a drop down menu. Simply click on the menu and then remove check mark on the “Reset all add- ons to automatically update” box.
  1. A list will then show up on your screen. Select from the list, the name of the add-on that you want to disable. After clicking the name. Select the “Disable” menu button in order to turn off and disable the selected add-on. Repeat all these steps if you want to disable any other Firefox add-ons in your system.

To Disable Automatic Windows Update:

  1. If you want to disable Windows automatic updates, simply click on your “Start” button, and then click on the menu for “Control Panel” options.
  1. Click the button for the “System and Security” option and then select the “Windows Update” option.
  1. On your left panel, locate the “Change Settings” button. Click it and right from the options listed on the “Important update” drop down menus, immediately select the option “Never check for any updates”.
  1. The, click “OK” tab to save all the changes that you recently made.

 

How To Troubleshoot Internet And broadband Connectivity Issues

Broadband connection (either DSL or cable) towards an Internet or any network is usually fast unless you will encounter a certain issue. DSL (or Digital Subscriber Line) is a type of high-speed connection that often uses a telephone line to provide users with a reliable Internet connection. The Internet connection is basically faster compared to any dial- up because DSL uses a larger area of the line than that of dial- up connection. And since DSL is not using similar area of the telephone line that users uses for voice, it enables users to use both the Internet connection and the telephone all together.

While using their Internet connectivity, users may also encounter several connection- related issues that may stop them from using their Internet to the fullest. These issues may occur due to numerous reasons. Some are quite difficult to resolve but there are also few that can easily be resolved by the user alone.

If you want to try to resolve the problem, then you can try these steps on how to troubleshoot Internet and connectivity issues:

  • Check for the sync light or the DSL light if its color is solid green. Usually, there are three lights that you can see in a gateway or wireless modem, these are the wireless; Internet; and the Ethernet. On a single- user or non- wireless modem, there are two lights that should be blinking, the Internet and the Ethernet. Sync is a physical connection towards your DSL provider. A red or blinking sync/ DSL light indicates that something is “physically” going wrong with your connection. Users should make sure that they uses a telephone cord that it connected to the modem or a telephone cord that has the same length (usually 6 to 12 feet depending on its service provider).
  • Be sure that your telephone cord is linked to the DSL port located at the back portion of your modem and it should either be connected to the DSL side of the splitter or dual filter, or it is directly connected to a functioning telephone jack.
  • Also make sure that the dual filter is installed on each telephone jack that has a telephone connection on it. The filter should be directly plugged to the jack and its telephone cord needs to be plugged to the filter as well.
  • Check if the Internet light is colored green. A red Internet light and a green DSL light on the DSL modem indicates that your modem is not capable to communicate to the Internet. For wireless gateway/ modem users and those with wireless single user modem, all they have to do is to log into the modem and at the same time, enter the user’s user name and their password to fix this problem.
  • For those who uses wireless router, they still need to disconnect the router and connect it directly to its modem while placing the modem in a bridge mode. Immediately reconnect your wireless router and enter you user name then password in your router. If the issue still persist, then this is the best time to call and refer the issue to your ISP (Internet Service Provider).

Discovering The Different Kinds Of Web Connections

Living in a time where new innovation and modern discoveries can be found almost everywhere, is truly different than living is the time that offers nothing. And, along with this ever changing modern world, people should also learn to be more knowledgeable and aware in everything that takes place in its surrounding; same as we have to be aware of the different kinds of web connections that can connect ourselves from any part of the world.

Being in a computer world like today, wherein you can see computers almost everywhere and most people depends on the device to perform almost all their daily operations, you also have to let yourself to continuously learn everything about the said device such as its different functions, features, and you will operate and enjoy the machine to the fullest.

If you are among those that is always in front of their laptops and desktops, you surely have ideas about web connections and its types already. However for those who seldom uses their computer or those who doesn’t try to use it anymore, then, after reading this post, you will probably learn the different kinds of web connections.

Web connections basically comprise of Wi-Fi; Internet; and networking. These three are the most common ways wherein one can connect himself to the web and to the rest of the world. You cannot enjoy your computer gadgets at its fullest if it doesn’t have any of these three kinds of web connections, because most of the features and applications of every computer needs to be connected to the web for it to function and run well.

Wi-Fi is the among the most popular web connection technology in the sense that it allows laptops, desktop computers, cell phones, and any other similar gadgets to connect to the web using wireless connection. Wi- Fi basically consists of network parts that are often based on certain standards like standard 802.11. This 802.11 standard was created by a known organization like “Institute of Electrical and Electronic engineers.”

Majority of laptops and desktops computer nowadays including smartphones, cell phones, tablets, etc., usually features a Wi-Fi connection which readily built-in along with its other specifications even before purchasing it. The connection allows its users to connect themselves and browse on the web through the wireless connection.

Internet on the other hand is a broader term which describes the connection that connects a computer towards another computer, or shall we say, billions of laptops and computer systems coming from any part of the world. All the interconnected computer networks make use of a standard protocol in all their operations. These standard protocols are widely known as TCP (or Transmission Control Protocol) or IP (or Internet Protocol). Internet is the connection that connects numerous application systems including the “World Wide Web” from a server towards the client.

Networking is also another way where you can connect yourself to others. It is a type of application system that shares and supports information and services among individuals or even group of people that shares the same interest. In IT field, networking refers to the method of managing or using a network. It also deals with selecting protocols, using software, establishing operation policies and procedures, and also using telecommunication protocols.

Checklist Needed to Boost Internet Speed

We cannot deny that internet is the most innovative tool of this generation. We can almost do everything with it and helps us to make our work faster. Imagine the days where mails were physically delivered to a specific mailing address, or when you searched the entire books of the library trying to find related topics for your term paper or when you have to commute for work every day? It was such a very time consuming, right. However, through the internet, you don’t need to wait. In fact, in just a second, you can search articles, communicate with other people, and do business transactions. Other than that, it is the most convenient and inexpensive way of advertising whether your own self or products or whatever it is. Name everything.

Nobody wants to have slow internet connection. To prevent this from happening, be cautious of the factors that can cause delays and restrict us from doing online activities. And if it does bother you right now, it’s time to fix everything that gets in the way.

Just remember these things:

  1. COMPUTER MEMORY

Internet requires computer memory. When disk is full it may cause slow internet speed. Get rid of unnecessary programs and unwanted files.

  • CONTROL PANEL > SYSTEM AND SECURITY > SYSTEM > SYSTEM PROTECTION > SYSTEM PROTECTION TAB

There is PROTECTION SETTINGS. Then, highlight the available drive and click CONFIGURE. DISK SPACE USAGE represents total amount of disk space in GB occupied by your computer programs.  The higher amount of space consumed, the slower your computer performance is. To lessen, drag the equalizer to the left until disk space is less than or equal to 5GB.

  • CONTROL PANEL > SYSTEM AND SECURITY > SYSTEM > ADVANCED SYSTEM SETTINGS > ADVANCED tab

In PERFORMANCE, click SETTINGS. There are options to be selected on what type of setting you want for the appearance and performance of Windows on your computer.  Choose LET WINDOWS CHOOSE WHAT’S BEST FOR MY COMPUTER or you can customize it to enable only the programs you want to boot at start up. If you want to do the latter, highlight the program and click PROPERTIES. Then choose the start up type and close it when you’re done.

Next, on ADVANCED tab, go to VIRTUAL MEMORY. Virtual memory manages the paging. When paging gets full, it creates another one and costs a lot of time. Click CHANGE. See the RECOMMENDED SIZE and add another 15%more to it and input the value at CUSTOMIZE SIZE. Finally, close everything.

Most importantly, free your computer from viruses. Don’t let it stay overnight since it can exhaust memory.

  1. WEB BROWSER

Get rid of unnecessary plug-ins, extensions and add-ons installed, and allow cookies and caching but for some sites only. Internet speed depends on the type of web browsing your using. Better get the latest version of your browser.

4 Ways To Make Your Internet Connection Run Fast

Internet connections that are slowing down are easily becoming among the most frustrating computer related problems in our modern world today, with millions of computer users across the globe facing issues like having inadequate Internet speed that they may need to browse and surf the web.

We all know that majority of people nowadays are also becoming dependent to computer devices and its functions in order to carry out most of our day to day activities either in our office environment or at home. Most of us really need the functionality of computers to get everything done, from writing reports, doing researches, and meeting up deadlines, keep the business running, and many others. With all these things in mind, it is just right to make sure that our system is receiving the sufficient amount of Internet connections to keep the device and the system up and running.

Facing problems related to Internet connections are really annoying, because you have to spend extra time waiting for your site to load, or waiting for your emails to send, etc. Internet connections that are running slow will cause delays to our work and other activities and probably decrease our productivity rate.

That’s why it is very essential to maintain your connection to its optimum level at all times if possible. But since it is just like any other products of technology out there, it can also encounter glitches at some point that may cause it to run very slow. And for you to resolve this kind of issues, you can take some techniques to boost your Internet connections and improve its speed and performance, and you can do this by simply following the tips provided below:

  1. 1.       Check the Connection Speed

Checking your computer’s “naked” Internet connection speed is indeed the initial step that you can do. Since there are time wherein your Internet companies which is the one responsible for supplying Internet connections to your system may having problems at times causing your system to receive insufficient amount of connection, lower than what you’re paying for.

  1. 2.       Close Other Applications

One common practice that most users do is that they usually install lots of different programs and applications that use Internet. They just don’t know that this is one major factor that can slow down the speed of your Internet connection. Closing the unused applications and limiting your programs to one or two only will probably resolve the issue.

  1. 3.       Check The Network

If you are connected in a network, then you have to check if there’s any other computer that’s causing the issue or else, you will also suffer from a slow connection.

  1. 4.       Clean the Registry

One major factor that can cause your Internet connections to slow down is when there are already lots of entries accumulating in your registry database. Cleaning it and removing some of your unnecessary registry entries will definitely help you boost your Internet connections.

Internet slower on a new computer

The internet on my new computer is slower than on my old computer’s.

The internet connection on a new computer can be slowed down by either the internet connection itself or by having too many software run at once. You should on a few places to fix this.

I have a new desktop computer and I have noticed that opening websites is slower on this one than on my previous XP PC. My new computer contains all the programs that my old one had. I just transferred the very same things. The only thing new is probably Microsoft Office. What’s slowing down my internet connection? Could it be the Microsoft Office? Another thing that’s new is the AMD Catalyst Control Center that came preinstalled. I have Windows 8 and I didn’t have this on Windows XP. Please tell me what this programs is or and if it is essential or not. If it’s not important, how can I uninstall it? Thanks!

Internet access on new PC

There are a few things that come to mind upon reading your case.

Comparing your old computer to your new one is like comparing apples and oranges. Both are so different based on their hardware.

Supposedly, the newer computer would have a faster internet connection compared to the old computer, given that they both are connected to the same internet connection because it has a faster processor, a faster disk and an overall better hardware and features.

The internet connection factor

The internet connection should be the determining factor whether you have a fast internet browsing experience or not and not the computer itself.

A few things that you should consider in this case:

One is if you are connecting both computers to the internet. They are forced to share and divide the internet connection between them thus slowing down either one or both.

If your two computers are doing something on the internet all at the same time then they will also become slower.

Usually, the things that you do on the internet should not affect either one of your computers significantly. It will only affect the connection if one is doing some heavy task such as a download or a Microsoft Update. These actions could be the cause of a slower internet connection.

Pre-installed software

Because you mentioned that this happens on your new computer, there’s one more thing that could be causing it to have a slower internet connection.

It isn’t surprising for new computers to come without some of the essential software that should have been pre-installed.

Generally, having too much stuff run all at the same time on your computer affects its overall performance. If this is the case for you, I’m afraid I don’t have a single solution since the proper solution differs from one computer to another based on their manufacturer and make.

The Software

If I were in your shoes, I would do exactly what you are doing; analyze every software that’s on the machine and uninstall those that you don’t need or don’t want.

Software that’s installed on your PC but are not running should not affect anything. In your case, that’s Microsoft Office. Having it or not having it on your PC should not make any difference. We can eliminate Microsoft Office to be the factor why you are having a slower internet connection.

What could be affecting the speed of your internet is the software that’s running while you are experiencing the issue.

If you don’t mind downloading and installing one more software, I would suggest you to get the Process Explorer. This program will be able to show you the different programs on your computer and which ones are hogging the different resources and affecting all the others. It is possible that one program requires too many resources in order for it to run and is making everything else slow down.

That’s not all the possible factors though. It could also be that the hard disk has some issues or it is simply slower than the hard disk on your old computer. While that’s a possibility, I doubt that it is the case for you.

So I would like to ask you to check on the software that’s installed on your PC and the one that’s running while you are experiencing the issues that you are talking about.

Catalyst Control

You wanted to know more about the AMD Catalyst Control Center.

The AMD Catalyst Control Center is a software that’s designed specifically for the video card. The video card on your computer is using an underlying technology from AMD. The Catalyst Control Center on the other hand is a software that enables you to configure, play around with and control the different characteristics of the video card.

I have it on my own machine and I suggest that you leave it alone.

This is not a performance hog issue. This case should not affect much of anything. Especially not the internet performance of your computer nor the overall performance. It’s a simple useful utility that allows you to manipulate the more advanced settings on the video display of your PC.

Different browser

Since you are running on Windows 8, I reckon you have Internet Explorer 10. I suggest that you try using it to see if you still have the same problem.

You can also go for Firefox or Google Chrome. Try using them and see if your internet connection is still slower. The internet should be faster on one of three browsers.