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What Is Network Transfer Speed?

I recently bought a NAS (network attached storage) device from Synology, connected it up to my network and started transferring files. The first thing I noticed was how slow the network transfer speed was. I was copying over some large video files and it was taking forever! I decided to check the transfer speed between my NAS and PC to see the rate the transfer.

I downloaded a program called LAN Speed Test, which had gotten some excellent reviews, and tried it out. Sure enough, my transfer speed was less than 1 MB/s! Note that is megabytes per second, not megabits per second. I’ll go into more detail on Mbps vs MBps and all that fun stuff. After doing some research, I figured out what I was doing wrong and eventually got the transfer rate up to a super speedy 40 MB/s! Technically, you can only get that speed if you’re using gigabit ethernet. I’ll explain more about that below too.

LAN Data Rate Units

First, let’s get the numbers clear. There is standard 100 Mbps ethernet, which is what most people have at home. 100 Mbps is 100 megabits per second. That is translated into 12.5 megabytes per second (MBps or MB/s). It’s much easier to convert to MBs since that is something we are all familiar with rather than bits. This means that if you don’t have a gigabit router and gigabit network card on your computers or NAS, the maximum speed you’ll be able to transfer a file across your home network is 12.5 MBps.

Also, in the real world, it’s impossible to actually get that theoretical maximum. You’ll probably end up somewhere around 4 to 8 MBps. If you are getting something really low like 1 MBps or less, there are reasons for that which I will mention below. Note that even if your computer has a gigabit ethernet card, you won’t get that higher transfer speed unless all the devices that the data is being transmitted through support gigabit.

If you have a gigabit ethernet card on your computer, your router or switch is gigabit and the receiving device also has a gigabit ethernet card, your max transfer speed jumps to a whopping 1000 Mbps or 125 MBps. Again, you won’t get that theoretical speed, but you should be getting anywhere from 30 to 60 MBps depending on the type of files you are transferring and your network setup. Let’s go into more details about that.

Transfer Speed Depends on What?

So as we mentioned above, network transfer speed depends on the type of ethernet you have on your network, but that’s not the only factor. There are several other factors that determine your final transfer speed between two devices.

Hard Drive Speed

One major limiting factor is the hard drive speed. If you have a computer with a 5400 RPM, your transfer rate will be a lot slower than if you have two SSD drives in a RAID 0 configurations! How so? Well, it depends. I’ve heard of some friends getting close to 100 MB/s using some pretty insane setups. On my network, even with gigabit ethernet, I only get around 40 MB/s. One of those reasons is because I have slower hard drives.

 

 

What Is Windows MAC Address

Do you need to figure out what your MAC address is? I’ll explain how to do that in this article!

So what do you need to do to get your MAC address? It’s pretty simple actually! Let’s start off with getting a PC MAC address:

  • Click on Start and then click Run. In the text box, type in CMD. Click OK.
  • In the DOS window (the black box), type in the following without the quotes: “ipconfig/all” and press Enter.

You’ll notice a lot of stuff that might not make sense! Basically, this command gives you all the information for any network card in your system including the wired (Ethernet) network adapter, bluetooth adapter, any virtual adapters and the wireless adapter. So you’ll have to look under the specific heading you need because each adapter will have it’s own MAC address.

The MAC address is usually the last item in the list for each adapter and it’s called Physical Address. You’ll see a set of pairs of numbers separated by colons, i.e. 09:F2:96:3E…etc. This is your MAC address for that particular adapter.

You can then use the MAC address in your router settings if you are setting up MAC address filtering, which allows you to specify only certain devices that can connect to your WiFi network. Note that every device connected to your network has a MAC address including smartphones, printers, etc.

OS X Mac Address

If you have an Apple computer like a Macbook or Mac Mini, you can get your Mac address following the steps below.

  • Open System Preferences and click on Network.
  • Click on the connection that you want the MAC address for and then click on theAdvanced button at the bottom right.
  • Then click on the Hardware tab and you’ll see MAC Address written right at the top.

 

Getting Internet Connections From Remote Areas

It’s already known to most of us that the civilization that we have right now is far too different from what we have in the past years. We are now living a more challenging area that makes many of us become so busy.

The modernization we have now brings both advantages and  disadvantages to man, but one of t he best advantages that we have received from our modern technology is the benefit of communicating people from any location and also allowing us to connect ourselves to the rest of the world. If you are living in a more dense area, you will probably realized and appreciate more these great benefits because majority of them mainly focus on making life easier and more comfortable to live for.

On the other hand, if you are living in a remote area, high speed Internet connections are still something that you should not just take for granted because the more remote your area is, the more limited is your option for Internet connections as well. Thus, you also need to pay attention to your Internet connections  even if you’re in a distant place so that you can still connect yourself to the rest of t he world anytime.

It is very essential to understand that majority of companies don’t run connection lines towards most of the remote areas easily because the location might not have the enough number of potential client who will patronize their services. That simply means that they are afraid to take risk for that kind of undertaking knowing that they cannot generate many profits to remote areas most of time because the population is usually small compared to towns and cities. This certainly rule from the idea of getting high speed Internet connections such as cable connections, DSL connections, and even broadband connections in most remote areas.

However, there are still available alternatives aside from only having a dial up connection.  These alternatives might or might not be readily available in that specific location you are living right now, thus you really need to look for these possible alternatives that you can use in your remote area. The alternatives that you will probably find are the ones that can deliver a high level of Internet service above or beyond what most dial up Internet connections will deliver to all its users are often air-based connections that can also be accessible via cell phone tower and satellite companies.

Satellite Internet connections may also be a great way to extend the Internet service to those remote areas. These services usually comes with some sort of limitations and you’ll likely find it while this kind of Internet service functions well for basic PC Internet access like emails, however, if you’re planning  to run numerous devices from this  kind of connection then get yourself ready  because  you might just end up disappointed with your Internet connections. With this type of connection, surfing and gaming the Internet will completely be out of the table.

Is Someone Else Using Your Internet Connection? Here’s What To Do

Do you suspect that a neighbor is using your wireless Internet connection? It could be that your Internet connection is slower than it should be or that your devices keep disconnecting from the router. Someone connected to your wireless router can also access shared folders on your network, so data theft is a real threat. Luckily, there are ways to detect unknown connections to your network and ways to stop them from connecting.

The main defense against wireless leechers is securing your wireless router. Even though most wireless routers from ISPs come with long passwords, someone can still gain access by simply copying the password printed on your wireless router, since most people don’t change the default password set by their ISP.

If you have a router that you bought on your own, no one will be able to use the password written on the router unless you don’t change the default password. We’ll talk about all this below. Let’s first talk about how to detect wireless leechers.

Detect Unauthorized Wireless Connections

There are basically two ways to go about detecting all the devices connected to your wireless router: either check on the router itself or use a device already connected to the network to scan the entire network. I prefer the latter method because it’s less complicated, however, I will mention both ways.

The first step is to connect to your wireless router from your web browser. In order to do that, you have to type in the IP address for your router. If you don’t know it, read my post on determining the IP of your wireless router. Once you have that, you’ll need to login using the username and password.

If you don’t remember the password or you never changed the default password, that’s a problem. In either of these cases, I recommend resetting your wireless router to factory default settings and starting from scratch. It may sound like a monumental task, but it’s really not.

First, read my post on resetting your wireless router, which is fairly easy to do. Next, don’t worry if you don’t have the paperwork for your router anymore because you can either find the default password on the router itself or you can find default router passwords online.

Once you are able to log into your router, you can check what IP addresses have been allocated on the network. Usually, this information is located somewhere on the main page and can be called something like Devices, My Network, IP Address Allocation, Attached Devices, Wireless Status, Connected Devices, DHCP Clients Table, etc. It really depends on the router you have, but you should see a list like the one shown below.

Most new routers will also show you the name of the devices, so it’s easy to tell if the device is a phone, tablet, printer, IP camera, NAS, streaming device, laptop or computer. If you can’t figure out what device is associated with an IP address, you can always try to paste that IP into your web browser and see if it loads a web page. Some printers, camera, etc. will have their own web interfaces that you can connect to via the browser.

What Are The Risk Related To Internet Connections Offered For Free

Many coffee shops, hotels, and any other similar establishments provide free web connections to their clients. These wireless networks are usually left unprotected. They usually don’t need clients to key in a certain password and deliver no encryption in order to guard the network traffic.  Any client that uses the Internet connection inside the range of the wireless network access can possibly connect to the network then listen or sniff on the Internet network traffic to any other client user.

An expert attacker can do this what they called “man in the middle attacker” within just a few seconds and then intercept all of your communications using software programs that are readily available in the Internet for free.

The “man in the middle attacker” is a specific spot wherein a certain hacker put herself or himself in between the place of the Internet gateway connection and their victims. This usually performed by putting some network packets inside the computer system of the victim saying that the gateway is the computer of the attacker and then informing the original gateway device that victim’s computer system is the one that attacks the gateway. The attackers are doing this process so that the real gateway will get confused which among the two systems is the true attacker and the true victim.

There are plenty of available videos and tutorials on different web pages on the Internet such as YouTube that will teach you with the best ways to do the attack. There’s really no other way to get rid of this and have snit-virus, firewall, and any other security tools installed in your PC provides no protection at all since the attacker isn’t trying to gain access to the computer of the victim directly.

There are other steps that you can also make to shield your computer system as well as yourself, and the best way to protect you and your system from any kind of attack is to prevent having access to sensitive web pages that are usually included in most public networks like your email, bank accounts, and many others.

But if you really need to access for those websites, it is best to remember that you have to keep your web connections encrypted and is really linked to the true web server before you decide to type in your username as well as your password. You can do this by simply verifying first that the URL that you are suing now has “https”. This “HTTPS” indicates to the HTTP over the SSL encryption. This also indicates that all other network communications that happen between the web server in which you are connected to and your Internet browser are both encrypted.  Anybody sniffing on your traffic will not be able to the actual messages or data that was being sent.

Last, you can also use your VPN remote access. This VPN also encrypts and shields all of the network traffic that takes place in your system. These are also being used by most users in order for them to easily connect to the internal networks of the company.

Connection Problems? Resolve Them Quickly

Internet has now become a very vital part of the day to day lives of most people nowadays. With the use of the Internet, we can perform so many different tasks faster than without using the Internet. It really transforms our lives and makes everything easier for us to do already. However, it can also encounter several problems just like any other products of technology that we are currently using. And one of the most common issues is the problem related to Internet connections which is also among the most irritating of them all.

When talking about Internet repairs, this kind of problem is also among the most challenging one. But before you decide to ask for help or call an expert computer technician to resolve the problem, you can also try solving it yourself by simply following the given tips below:

Restart Your PC

The initial step that you can make is to simply restart your PC. After it successfully reboots, click twice on the browser icon then try rebooting it again. If you still cannot connect to the Internet, then you can try using Internet repair software programs to fix the problem for you.

You can also click on the “Network” icon which is located at the bottom right corner of your screen wherein you can visualize the clock (the one that looks like monitors). After you right-click on the icon, go now to the “Repair” option and the select it. If you find it hard to locate the icon, you can simply go to your “Control Panel” and then look for the “Network Connections” tab. Simply right click on the Internet connections that you’re trying to fix, either the LAN or the wireless network, then choose the “Repair” option.

If you’re using Vista instead of using Windows XP, then the steps are still the same with only difference in the words that were being used in every operating system. After you choose the right option, your Windows will perform a certain process to fix itself automatically. You will then receive a message when the procedure is already done. Check now if your Internet connections are working great now and that you can already use your Internet efficiently.

There are also times that you are connected to the Internet but your connection speed is running very slow. If you wish to boost the speed and performance of your Internet connections then you just need to perform series of steps.

  • Check the IP address as well as the gateway for your Internet connection. (Usually you’ll need the Internet Service Provider to guide you all throughout the process).
  • Disable your network connections and enable it again after a few seconds or a couple of minutes.
  • Restart your PC.

Get Rid Of Viruses

There are also instances that the cause of the problems related to your Internet connections are the presence of some malicious attacks made by malware, spyware, and other viruses. In some cases also, the Internet connection speed will get back to normal again after you remove any virus infections that;s present in your system.

Getting Internet Connections From Remote Areas

It’s already known to most of us that the civilization that we have right now is far too different from what we have in the past years. We are now living a more challenging area that makes many of us become so busy.

The modernization we have now brings both advantages and  disadvantages to man, but one of t he best advantages that we have received from our modern technology is the benefit of communicating people from any location and also allowing us to connect ourselves to the rest of the world. If you are living in a more dense area, you will probably realized and appreciate more these great benefits because majority of them mainly focus on making life easier and more comfortable to live for.

On the other hand, if you are living in a remote area, high speed Internet connections are still something that you should not just take for granted because the more remote your area is, the more limited is your option for Internet connections as well. Thus, you also need to pay attention to your Internet connections  even if you’re in a distant place so that you can still connect yourself to the rest of t he world anytime.

It is very essential to understand that majority of companies don’t run connection lines towards most of the remote areas easily because the location might not have the enough number of potential client who will patronize their services. That simply means that they are afraid to take risk for that kind of undertaking knowing that they cannot generate many profits to remote areas most of time because the population is usually small compared to towns and cities. This certainly rule from the idea of getting high speed Internet connections such as cable connections, DSL connections, and even broadband connections in most remote areas.

However, there are still available alternatives aside from only having a dial up connection.  These alternatives might or might not be readily available in that specific location you are living right now, thus you really need to look for these possible alternatives that you can use in your remote area. The alternatives that you will probably find are the ones that can deliver a high level of Internet service above or beyond what most dial up Internet connections will deliver to all its users are often air-based connections that can also be accessible via cell phone tower and satellite companies.

Satellite Internet connections may also be a great way to extend the Internet service to those remote areas. These services usually comes with some sort of limitations and you’ll likely find it while this kind of Internet service functions well for basic PC Internet access like emails, however, if you’re planning  to run numerous devices from this  kind of connection then get yourself ready  because  you might just end up disappointed with your Internet connections. With this type of connection, surfing and gaming the Internet will completely be out of the table.

Setup Wired And Wireless Internet

If you want to setup wired and wireless Internet connection for either business, personal, or private purposes, the first thing that you need to do is to learn the basics of wired and wireless Internet. You have to understand first its nature, its feature, as well as its function or how they usually work. Knowing the difference between the two will also help in order for you to appreciate its usefulness a lot better.

Wireless Internet connections have developed into media hype for those people who are seeking for mobility. Its advancements in terms of signal range and security have offered a much broader use of Wi- Fi connections both in private homes and in public areas like restaurants, malls, department stores, etc.

Wireless Internet connection is a great innovation that allows people connect to the Internet and browse through the World Wide Web without any presence of wire linked to a modem or a router. This gives more flexibility to people who are using their laptops most of the time. It makes them able to sit in public places or go walking anywhere in the house while at the same time enjoying Internet freedom at a distance.

Wired Internet connection on the other hand now offers significant improvements in various aspects of every people’s lives. Wired connections remain to be in an extensive use due to its connective stableness. Wired Internet connections are still being favored by most computer servers, that operates websites that can’t depend on signal transmission power data transfers.

Issues of wired and wireless Internet connections:

For wireless Internet connections, one of its main problems is when the router has default configurations settings that make Internet capacity to turn off automatically. You won’t be able to manage the configuration panel again if in case the router’s configuration settings were reset. Furthermore, your bandwidth will become lesser because majority of these wireless routers were only created to produce great amount of broadband.

While on the other hand, the main issue about wired Internet connection is the mobility and flexibility. If you are using laptops most of the time, you can surely relate to this matter. Connecting your laptop to a wired connection limits your capability to move anywhere in the place where you are doing your work. You cannot transfer to any other place except to where your laptop was connected. You only opt to stay on that same place until you’ll decide to stop what you are doing.

If you want to know which among the two Internet connections is the best? Well, both of them offer great functionality. However, if you need a better performance for Internet connectivity, it is best to use a wired Internet connection. Even if it provide less flexibility to its user, but still, it’s a lot more secured, it’s less vulnerable to any electrical preference, and provides faster performance.

If you are using your laptops and computers for real time collaboration, gaming, and voice over purposes, then it is best to setup wired Internet connection to a router that links your connection to the Service Provider.

 

PC Booster Tips: Tricks To Increase The Speed Of Your Internet Connections

Although a lot of people now continuously want to get super-fast broadband Internet connections for themselves, it is actually such a huge issue that people still experience slowdown of Internet even though they already have that kind of Broadband connection. This is an issue that may take place because of some factors; however there are also some easy tricks that can be used to resolve the issue the soonest possible time, and some of them are listed below:

Close Applications That Usually Uses Large Internet Bandwidth

Programs and applications just like Skype, MSN, AIM, and many more are usually using Internet connections in order for it to function very well and then link to the chat servers so that the user can communicate well to anyone in the contact lists. This may seem very harmless, but these applications are slowly sucking up the Internet connection of your computer without even knowing it. If in case you constantly open these programs and you notice that your connection started to run very slow, then just try to close them down and perhaps the issue will be resolved.

Limit The Number Of Pages That You Will Open

Opening 30 various pages is a major factor that can slow down Internet connections. What usually happens is that most web browsers let their users to open several web pages at a time, and all of these web pages are usually being refreshed every couple of minutes. This simple means that if you’re opening lots of web pages, your connection will run slower because your system still needs time to read and refresh each and every page that you opened. If you want to resolve this issue, then you can easily do it by just limiting the pages that you will going to open when browsing to make sure that you are not sucking up all the Internet with just pointless web browser Windows.

Stay Off To Email Programs

E-mail applications just like Thunder Bird and Outlook are just some of the notorious kind when it comes to making Internet connections run slow. This is such a huge issue since these programs are not just used to send or receive email messages but they are also used to download several amounts of files as well. If you don’t want to slow down your connection but you still have to open programs like this as it is also vital for your activities, then you can still do so, however, you have to set limits as to the number of time that you will going to spend using these programs.

Monitor The Computer Network Activity

Having a computer network is quite great to have more than just a single computer connected to the Internet. However, if you noticed that your Internet connection is running very slow then you should not be shocked because possibly it is due to a computer that is connected to your network that keeps on “hogging” all your bandwidth. To manage this kind of issue, all you need to do is to simply check on the connected computer units if someone is downloading huge files, playing games or watching videos, because most probably, that what makes your Internet connections to run slower.

Wondering What Makes Your Connection Run Slow? Find Out Here

Slow web connections are certainly a very irritating problem, most especially if you have so many things left undone online. You may have the option to go to an expert computer technician, but mostly you’ll be charged with a huge amount of money for the repair service and sometimes also, you will pay them even if they only take a glance to your computer device.

For you to save a portion of your time as well as your money, you can learn some tips to better understand why you have slow web connections and then find some easy tricks that are also provided below for you to know how to repair problems related to your slow connections and doing the repair by yourself alone.

What Causes Slow Web Connections?

One of the major cause of slow web connections are the presence of spyware, malware, adware, Trojan horses, worms, and other computer virus in the hard drive of your computer. Most of these known threats can easily integrate to the key applications of the hard disks and then eat up a huge amount of your resources silently, and also control the tools and software programs inside your computer hard disks. By consuming a significant amount of your resources, to the malicious threats and computer viruses running inside, a slowdown of your web connections is truly inevitable.

But not at every situation of having slower web connection is due to computer viruses and threats infecting in your hard disk. In other instances also, your ISP (or Internet Service Provider) can also be a second major cause to having slow web connections. Servers and routers are the usual things that deliver the Internet service to the computer system, and there are times that this servers and routers can get overloaded or face some technical problems that may also slow down the speed of the connection supplied by your ISP.

Aside from that also, there are countless of Temporary web files that are stored in your web browser. This abundance of unnecessary applications and junk files occupying the important space of your hard disk may also cause slow web connections.

How to Repair Slow Web Connections And Boost Up Your PC?

If you want to know how you can fix web connection problems and then boost up the speed of your computer then here’s what you can do:

  • Run your preferred anti-spyware tool in your computer and then make sure that the tool you are using is updated. Start scanning your system now using the tool and then eliminate all the harmful threats present inside.
  • Unplug the modem that you are using for your computer now because this can help you undo the bad modifications you’ve made to your system as this can also lead to a slow web connection.
  • Free up and clean the storage spaces of your computer hard disk. By eliminating all of those temporary files and unnecessary programs, you can efficiently and easily regain the smoothness of your web connection and your computer now will also work faster than before.